Facts about the survey Felling
The Swedish Forest Agency uses a model for calculating annual gross and net felling. The model is based on consumption statistics, import and export statistics, stocks statistics and data on felled but not removed whole trees. The consumption statistics consist of consumption of sawlogs, pulpwood roundwood for energy purposes (fuelwood) and other roundwood consumption.
The survey is part of Sweden's official statistics and has product number JO0312.
The annual statistics include preliminary and final felling statistics expressed in cubic metres standing volume (m3sk, the trunk volume above the stump including top and bark but excluding branches) and net felling in the unit cubic metres solid volume excluding bark (m3f ub). The gross felling is presented by county and the net felling by assortment of stemwood. The statistics also include a forecast for the current year's gross felling.
The statistics also consist of felling data from the SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Science) National Forest Inventory. These statistics refer to information on felled and thinned area and the distribution of felling by tree species. SLU National Forest Inventory's data is based on a sample-based inventory and the data are reported as five-year averages.
Definitions and explanations
Cubic meters standing volume (m³sk)
The trunk volume above the stump including top and bark but excluding branches.
Cubic meters solid volume (m³fub)
The trunk volume except bark, top and branches.
Total felled trunk volume above stump, including both removed trunks and felled trunks not removed from the forest. Usually expressed in m³sk.
Net felling, m3sk
Total felled trunk volume above the stump, excluding not removed felled whole trees. Expressed in m³sk.
Net felling, m3fub
Total felled trunk volume above the stump, excluding bark, tops and not removed felled whole trees and not removed stem parts. Expressed in m3fub.
Sawlogs are rough logs from trees that will be sawn to sawnwood products. The category includes roundwood for beams, sleepers, and veneer sheets of softwood. As of 2018, even roundwood for industrial production of timber piles, posts, veneer sheets and matches of hardwood are reported under the category of sawlogs.
Pulpwood is roundwood used to produce pulp and in the next step paper and board products. As of 2018, roundwood to produce fiberboard is reported in the pulpwood category.
Fuelwood refers to stemwood used for energy purpose. Fuel wood includes traditional firewood used in for example detached houses and chips made of stemwood used in heat and power plants.
Other wood consists other assortments than sawlogs, pulpwood and fuelwood. Before 2018, the category consisted of roundwood for production of props, posts, charcoal, veneer sheets and matches of hardwood, wood wool, mining timber and agricultural timber excluding sawlogs. As of 2018, we do not include roundwood for the industrial production of timber piles, posts, veneer sheets and matches made of hardwood or fiberboard in the category. See sawlogs and pulpwood.
Felling where the stand density is lowered below 0.3. The purpose is usually to achieve new forest (regeneration felling).
Thinning of forests with removals of trees.
Pre commercial thinning
Stand management thinning of young forests without actual removal of trees.
Harvesting of seed trees and other trees not included in final felling, thinning and pre commercial thinning.
Individual private owners, estates and not limited companies (sole trader).
The State, state-owned companies, other public owners, private-sector limited companies and other private owners such as religious associations including the Swedish Church, privately owned foundations and funds, profit and non-profit associations, profit driven community groups.
Productive forest land
Forest land which, according to established criteria, can produce at least, an average, one cubic metre standing volume per hectare and year.
All land-use classes exclusive urban land
This includes productive forest land, bogs, mountains, mountains, mountain coniferous forests, fields, natural pasture and other land (such as roads, power lines and storage sites).
Developed areas including urban areas such as parks, industrial sites and various facilities with other use than forestry.
Parts of the country
- Northern Norrland = Västerbotten and Norrbotten counties.
- Southern Norrland = Jämtland, Västernorrland and Gävleborg counties.
- Svealand = Stockholm, Uppsala, Södermanland, Västmanland, Örebro, Värmland and Dalarna counties.
- Götaland = Östergötland, Jönköping, Kronoberg, Kalmar, Blekinge, Skåne, Halland, Västra Götaland and Gotland counties