Felling in forest. Foto: Bo Persson

Costs for measures in large-scale forestry

Swedish Forest Agency and Skogforsk have been carrying out a joint survey of forestry costs and revenues in the large-scale forestry since 1996. The cost data refers to logging, silviculture and forest road measures in large-scale forestry.

Costs for measures in large-scale forestry 2023

The cost of harvesting (felling and extraction to roadside) increased by 9 percent in 2023, according to new statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency and Skogforsk. Costs for regeneration harvests have risen every year since 2017, by 39 percent in all. The producer price index has increased by 41 percent during the same period.

During 2023 harvesting costs (in current prices), on average for the whole country, have increased by:

  • 9 percent to SEK 134 per cubic metre for regeneration harvest.
  • 8 percent to SEK 269 per cubic metre for thinning.

The cost for regeneration harvests increased in both northern and southern Sweden during 2023. The largest increase was in northern Sweden by 12 percent, while the cost rose by 6 percent in southern Sweden.  

The cost of both regeneration harvests and thinning is at its highest level since 1996, the year of origin for these statistics. Since then, the cost of regeneration harvests has increased by 48 percent while thinning has increased by 76 per cent. During the same period the producer price index has risen by 84 per cent.

Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden
Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden
Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden

The costs and inflation

Logging costs can be put in relation to other price trends in the economy to better take inflation into account. Three index series are presented below for comparison. 

  • Consumer Price Index (CPI) which is the official measure of inflation.
  • Producer Price Index (PPI) which shows the average price trend at the producer and import stage, in the figure below only for the production of goods.
  • Producer Price Index home sales (HMPI) which measures the price development of products produced by Swedish companies for sales in Sweden (the figure below only refers to industry and production of minerals excluding food production).

In figure 5, the base year for the three index series is 1996. The average for all felling (both regeneration felling and thinning) in current prices is also added after being indexed with the same base year. The two index series that measure prices at the producer level have a greater increase than the consumer price index and the costs for felling from 1996 to 2023.

Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden

Costs for silvicultural measures and pre-commercial thinning

During 2023 most costs for silviculture also increased. The costs for:

  • clear-cut cleaning increased by 4 percent to SEK 1 840 per hectare
  • scarification has increased by 7 percent to SEK 3 190 per hectare
  • planting (including plants) has increased by 15 percent to SEK 7 050 per hectare
  • sowing has decreased by 2 percent to SEK 5 870 per hectare
  • precommercial thinning has increased by 15 percent to SEK 3 340 per hectare
  • fertilization and liming has increased by 12 percent to SEK 3 800 per hectare
Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden
Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden
Logotype Official Statistics of Sweden
  • Last Updated: 6/18/2024