Forest seedlings delivered for planting
Here you find statistics on forest seedlings delivered for planting. We publish the results by tree species, method of production and by origin of seedlings and use of plant protection.
On a yearly basis since 1998 the Swedish Forest Agency make a survey about produced seedlings for usage in Sweden. The questionnaire is sent to all companies registered at the Swedish Forest Agency as producers or dealers with seedlings. In the questionnaire there are also questions regarding seeds. Forest seedlings delivered for planting refers to the plants that have been delivered for use (planting) in Sweden.
The figures presented below are interactive diagrams and you can click on different categories or groups and choose what is shown in the diagram. You can also display all the figures in the table by selecting the button at the top (to the right) of each diagram. All figures can also be found in the Swedish Forestry Agency’s Statistical database.
Decrease of delivered seedlings in 2022
In 2022, 422 million seedlings were delivered, which is a decrease of 30 million (7 percent) compared to 2021.The recent years increase in delivered seedlings of Scots pine, Norway spruce, Lodgepole pine and broadleaf species (other than birch) slowed during 2022. This can be seen in statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency.
The number of Scots pine seedlings has increased steadily since 2013 but decreased by almost 8 million, to close to 229 million, compared to 2021. Also, the number of delivered Norway spruce seedlings decreased, by almost 21 million, to just over 176 million in 2022.
Norway spruce and Scots pine seedlings together constitute 96 percent of the total number of forest seedlings delivered. Delivered Lodgepole pine seedlings represent 1.5 percent and larch 1.1 percent. Sitka spruce, birch and other seedlings of conifers and broadleaf species each make up less than 0.6 percent of the number of forest seedlings delivered.
Container-rooted seedlings are the dominating method of production for coniferous species. Scots pine and lodgepole pine are almost entirely produced as container-rooted seedlings. The proportion of Norway spruce seedlings produced as container-rooted in 2022 was 79 percent. The share of Larch seedlings was 32 percent, which is a decrease compared to 2021 (48 percent). Most other coniferous species and broadleaf tree species were produced as bare-rooted seedlings in 2022. Just over 4 percent of the coniferous seedlings were produced as transplanted container-rooted seedlings in 2022.
Seed propagation was the dominating method of propagation of coniferous seedlings in 2022. Vegetative propagation was mainly applied with broadleaf seedlings other than birch.
The share of coniferous seedlings delivered with some sort of protection against insects (mechanical or chemical) has increased since 2016. In 2022 the share in percent was 72, 43 and 22 respectively, for Norway spruce, Scots pine and Lodgepole pine seedlings with protection against insects. The trend with an increased proportion of seedlings with mechanical protection and a decreasing share of insecticide-treated coniferous plants is clear. The share of mechanical protected seedlings has increased from 17 percent in 2014 to around 50 percent the last three years.
The share of mechanically protected seedlings has increased from 17 percent in 2014 to 52 percent in 2021.
In 2022, delivered seedlings originated from Swedish seed-orchards amounted to 84 percent, which is unchanged from 2021. Seedlings of Scots pine and Lodgepole pine almost solely (95 and 100 percent respectively) originate from Swedish seed-orchards. The proportion of Norway spruce seedlings originating from Swedish seed-orchards increased from 71 percent in 2021 to 74 percent in 2022.
Forest seedlings and seeds imported to Sweden
During 2021 just over 54,7 million seedlings were imported to Sweden from other countries. That means 12 percent of delivered seedlings in 2021 (out of 422 million seedlings in total) had at least partly been produced outside Sweden. (It is uncertain whether the plants were delivered the same year they were imported.) The import of seed varies greatly over time, both in terms of quantity and type of species. The import of seed in 2021 was 434 kilogram in total.
The statistics refer to seedlings and seeds for use in Sweden.
- Last Updated: 5/9/2023