The gross felling increased in 2019 but is expected to decrease in 2020
The total gross felling in 2019 amounted to just over 94 million cubic meters (standing volume) according to preliminary statistics from the Swedish Forest Agency. This year, the total felling is expected to decrease to 91 million cubic meters (standing volume), which is in line with the gross felling in 2018.
According to the Swedish Forest Agency's preliminary statistics, the gross felling in 2019 amounted to 94.1 million cubic meters (standing volume). This is an increase of three percent compared to 2018 when the felling amounted to 91.2 million cubic meters.
Swedish Forest Agency's forecast, show that felling during 2020 is estimated to decrease to 91 million cubic meters. The felling decline is mainly due to an expected production decline of both sawn wood products and pulp in 2020 compared to 2019.
The net felling was just over 75 million cubic meters
The net felling, which consists of the harvested volume of all tree stems that are fully or partially removed, amounted to just over 75 million cubic meters in 2019. Just under half of the net felling consisted of saw logs from conifers, just over 40 per cent of pulpwood, 7 per cent of firewood and a few per cent of other wood.
Compared to 2018, the felling of saw logs from conifers is estimated to have increased by 2.5 percent and the felling of pulpwood by 4.6 percent. In 2019, the imports of round wood were preliminarily 7.7 million cubic meters, which is about 0.6 million cubic meters less than the year before. The exports were preliminary 0.8 million cubic meters, which is approximately 0.1 million cubic meters more than in 2018.
Just over half of the volume comes from final felling
More than half of the harvested volume comes from final felling, just under a third from thinning and the rest from other types of fellings.
On average, the thinning area was 311,000 hectares and the final felling area was 201,000 hectares per year during the period 2016–2018. In comparison with the period 2015–2017, both the thinning area and the final felling area have increased.
Spruce makes up more than half of the harvested volume, pine one third and deciduous trees about just over one tenth.
The information on felled area and distribution by tree species comes from the Swedish National Forest Inventory.
Improved statistical quality
The official statistics for felling are produced by the Swedish Forest Agency by using a calculation model. The model is based on consumption statistics of round wood, import and export statistics, stock statistics and information on felled but not removed trees.
Together with the Swedish National Forest Inventory, the Swedish Forest Agency has in 2020 completed a quality study of felling statistics which has resulted in a number of proposals for changes in the Swedish Forest Agency's calculation model. A couple of changes have already been implemented to this publication. This applies to the method for the calculation of felled but not removed trees and the estimate of other wood. The work for increased quality in felling statistics continues, for instance, through a recently started study about the conversion factor between forest cubic meters and solid cubic meters under bark.
The statistics on gross and net felling for the year 2019 are still preliminary. This is because final foreign trade statistics and data on firewood consumption for 2019 have not yet been published. Final statistics will be published in 2021.
Gross felling: Total harvested stem volume, including stems not removed from the forest. Measured in forest cubic meters (m3sk) which means the stem volume above the stump including top and bark but excluding branches.
Net felling: Total harvested stem volume above the stump excluding not removed felled whole trees, tops, bark and not removed trunk parts. Expressed in solid cubic meters under bark (m3f ub) which refers to the stem volume except bark, top and branches.
The statistics are part of the Official Statistics of Sweden, except the figures on thinned and final felled area and felling volume by tree species and thinning / final felling.
All figures are available in the Swedish Forest Agency's statistical database.